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Puppy Training: Tools and Information

Before you adopt your puppy, make sure you train and educate yourself and family prior to puppy’s arrival to your home. Priority is teaching your puppy house etiquette, crate and housetraining. Your puppy wants to please. Never punish a puppy, rather instead teach appropriate behaviours using positive reinforcement and reward-based training

Choose the Right Dog for Your Lifestyle (Energy Level)

  1. Know your species (dogs bark, growl, jump, lunge, dig, chew)
  2. Learn traits of your breed/mixed-breed
  3. Appreciate your dog’s personality

Preparation for Puppy’s Arrival

Tools and Equipment

  • Dog food for age, treats, food and water dishes
  • Collar and/or harness, seatbelt, and leashes of various lengths
  • Crate, bed, and toys (including chew toys) and consider an x-pen for longer periods of confinement

The Most Important Things to Teach Your Puppy

  • Bite inhibition
  • Socialization with people
  • Socialization with other dogs
  • Household etiquette
  • Being home alone
  • Sit and settle down commands

Resources Recommended for Positive Reinforcement Training

1. Books

  • Before You Get Your Puppy – Dr. Ian Dunbar
  • After You Get Your Puppy - Dr. Ian Dunbar
  • Good Little Dog Book – Dr. Ian Dunbar
  • More info @

2. Puppy Classes--choose one that uses positive reinforcement and reward-based training

Primary Objectives

  • Socialization with other puppies
  • Socialization with many people including, men with hats and kids
  • Bite inhibition
  • Puppy does not jump, lunge or nip

Basic Manners (Cues: Both verbal & hand cues)

  • Sit – puppy should always default to sit when a person or other dog approaches, puppy cannot jump, lunge or nip when in a sit position
  • Look – at handler waiting for next cue or release (dogs trained with positive reinforcement /patience and kindness look at handler more want to be with you)
  • Down – calming/settling
  • Come
  • Stay
  • Release Cue - (ok) release from position
  • Loose Leash Walking - types of harnesses & halters recommended

The goal of this training is consistency and treating your puppy as an individual. It is important to make training fun so your puppy wants to be with you!